The Georgia Citizen

Keeping Georgians Informed.

Praise for The MACE Manifesto!


Praise for

The MACE Manifesto

“Dr. Trotter and Mr. Haynes are true friends of public school teachers, and I know that when they write or speak on public education, everyone needs to take note.  Every educator, young and old, and all politicians – legislators, school board members, and even superintendents – need to read The MACE Manifesto!” – The Honorable Darryl W. Jordan, Georgia State Representative

“A gripping, riveting read.” – Attorney Preston Haliburton

“John and Norreese are politically incorrect but are absolutely correct on public education!” – The Honorable Sandra G. Scott, Georgia State Representative

“As a former PTA President at a public elementary school, a public middle school, and a public high school, I appreciate the fact that The MACE Manifesto addresses the need for discipline in our public schools.” – Michael Robinson

“Dr. Trotter and Mr. Haynes are dealing with the unpleasant realities of today’s public schools – and, as a teacher, I can vouch for this!” – Dr. Jose Helena

“As a classroom educator, my life was changed by Dr. Trotter and MACE – and now we have The MACE Manifesto, the tour-de-force on public education!” – James (Gunny) Yawn

“Dr. Trotter and Mr. Haynes have been fighting for teachers for years, and as a son of two Georgia school teachers and as a Vice Chairman of a Georgia public school board, I know the importance of the message of The MACE Manifesto!” – Attorney J. Anderson Ramay

“The MACE Manifesto is the inconvenient truth about what goes on in our public schools – and especially in our urban schools.  I know.  I spent my whole career as a teacher in the Birmingham and Atlanta schools.” – Charles Melton

“From my educator’s perspective, The MACE Manifesto is the Bible on public education!” – Bo T. Oates

“As a former teacher and a former school board member, I am excited that a book finally tells it like it is on public education.” – Linda Crummy

“This ain’t chicken soup!” – J. B. Stanley

“Each page is RADIOACTIVE!” – Benjamin Barnes

“The unvarnished and sad truth about public education today.” – R. L. Moore

“I spent my career as a teacher and an administrator in two urban schools systems, and Dr. Trotter and Mr. Haynes are right on target in The MACE Manifesto.” – Mark Harris

“As a former teacher and a current administrator, I know the importance of good teaching conditions, and this is what The MACE Manifesto is all about.” – Lee Carter

“Yes, we are going to endorse our own book.  It is an impressive manifesto.  We’re not falsely modest.  In this educational treatise, you will gain many insights about how American Public Education operates.  You will learn about how newly appointed superintendents come to town with ropes around their necks, barely escaping the last school system alive but the search firm pimps put cheap perfume on them, recycle them, and sell these educational sluts to other unsuspecting school boards.

“You will learn how the publishing and software industries (most notably Pearson out of London, England and Bill Gates of Microsoft) are driving the American Public Education agenda with an indoctrinating, watered-down, dim-witted, drivel-type, homogenized, and nationalized curriculum called Common Core which is aligned with the values of UNESCO and not necessarily with the values of the local community.

“We show you how the standardized tests have become the false gods of American Public Education and how three essential elements for learning are completely ignored by the ‘school deformers’ – discipline, aptitude, and motivation.

“We deal with subjects that others either don’t know shit about or have parakeet balls and are afraid to broach.

“You will understand that trying to find a school administrator who supports teachers to the hilt and demands that students behave in the classroom is like trying to capture dinosaur farts and bottling them for the Smithsonian.  They are just that rare!

“You get it all here…with panache and street cred.  Forget hollow platitudes.  We give it to you straight…right in the gut!” – Dr. John Trotter and Norreese Haynes

The Superintendent Clowns of America Name Two More Inductees, Fulton County’s Robert Avossa and Muscogee County’s David Lewis

Two young upstart superintendents in Georgia, Robert Avossa of Fulton County, and David Lewis of Muscogee County, have been added to this illustrious group of clowns, the Superintendent Clowns of America.  Both of these young bucks, who had not yet earned their doctorates (but were both working on them from small colleges), were hired upon the recommendation of school board attorney Glenn Brock who holds himself out as a “search firm,” though he only gives the school boards one finalist.  These two men apparently came from the Eli Broad Superintendents Academy (or “Superintendents Brothel,” as Dr. John Trotter calls it!).  They, though their lack of depth and experience, are hired upon the recommendation of Glenn Brock (who also seems to land a job and keep a job as school board attorney among the respective school boards).  Avossa pushed for the Fulton School System to be a system-wide charter system.  Lewis has done the same thing in the Muscogee County School District.  The teachers were already being treated like dog shit in these school systems; now, they were be treated even worse, especially without the regular due process rights under the Georgia Law being jettisoned.

Avossa by AJC

Fulton County Superintendent, Robert Avossa (Photo by The Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

Avossa and Lewis, no doubt, know that they are blessing those who blessed them.  Eli Broad (and Bill Gates) are pushing very hard for the entire country to have school systems which are system-wide charter and for teachers to be evaluated based on the scores of their students on some damnable standardized test (old fashioned “merit pay” or “value-added” evaluations).  Yes, Avossa and Lewis seem to be dutiful acolytes to Eli and Edyth Broad and to Bill and Melinda Gates.  Now you know the rest of the story!

Lewis by Ledger-Enquirer

Muscogee County Superintendent, David Lewis (Photo by The Columbus Ledger-Enquirer)

Boxing Mogul Don (Moose) Lewis Thanks His Family, The Georgia Citizen, and Congressman Gingrey and His Staff!


Statement By Don (Moose) Lewis:

“I wish to thank The Georgia Citizen for bringing this to light. I will be issuing a press release within the next 24 hours with more details of the ordeal. I also invite any questions on my ‘shady’ business practices from any legitimate entity or person. Finally, I wish to thank my family for their unwavering support and effort to bring me home and to give my everlasting gratitude to the office of Congressman Phil Gingrey for their relentless work with the State Department in both monitoring the situation and being a conduit of information to so many. Congressman Gingrey and his staff are great Americans and even greater humanitarians.”

Don Lewis

Don Lewis heads up the IBU.

The Georgia Citizen looks forward to Mr. Lewis’s press conference.  As an American journalistic enterprise, we still denounce these reprehensible actions which apparently took place in the Republic of Benin, and The Georgia Citizen calls upon the President of Benin, Mr. Yayi Boni, to conduct an investigation of what took place and why, if he wants to sit at the table of civilized countries.

Bush and Yayi

President Boni (R) welcomed President Bush (L) to Benin in 2008.


Controversy Still Swirling about Don (Moose) Lewis’s and Three Boxers’ Detainment and Treatment in the Republic of Benin.

Last week, we related a story of which we were being kept abreast about the apparent detainment of American and world boxing mogul, Don (Moose) Lewis in the tiny country of Benin in West Africa.  Since this initial report was made, Mr. Lewis and the boxers were released.  They were detained, we have been told, for 72 hours.  We received two responses apparently from sources who were obviously wanting to exonerate Benin this bizarre happening in Benin.  The Georgia Citizen posted their comments and made in the story below.  Here’s our brief response to their accounts of what might have happened.


Dear Mr. Enobong Umohette:

The Georgia Citizen is sticking by its initial report about the uncalled-for detainment of and apparently uncouth treatment of Mr. Don (Moose) Lewis, the Proprietor of the International Boxing Union (IBU) and World Boxing Association (WBA).  From talking to Preston Haliburton, Mr. Lewis’s attorney, Mr. Lewis is in fact prohibited from being part of the promotion of fights since his interest is in the sanctioning of the fights.  He heads up two sanctioning bodies.  But, we readily concede that our report about the airport was in error.  There are indeed several airports in the very small West African country of Benin, formerly French Dahomey during the Colonial Days.  The largest airport is evidently the international airport in city of Contonou on the coast.  From 1972 until 1990, Benin was a Marxist-Leninist Republic.  It is the home of the Voodoo religion.  Our questions for now are this:  Why were the three boxers detained also…for 72 hours as was Mr. Lewis?  Why was Mr. Lewis required to pay, as reported to The Georgia Citizen, $7,000 American Dollars?  It is our understanding that Mr. Lewis and the boxers were there at the invitation of the Benin boxing federation (we don’t if this is the name).  Where is Mr. Lewis’s Passport?

Benin's main airport


Your response appears based on hearsay and the desire to smear the name of Don (Moose) Lewis. It is not our story about how he treats boxers. Our story was about how as an American citizen he was treated in the Republic of Benin. Sure, President George W. Bush was apparently received very well by President Yayi Boni in Benin in 2008 when he visited the country. Our interest is how the average America will be treated in the small West African country. It is our understanding that the boxing federation of Benin has invited Don Lewis and the boxers for the event, arranged for the temporary entertainment visas to enter the country, but later refused to allow them to leave the country until Mr. Lewis paid them off. This sounds like a kidnapping and extortion to us. We could be wrong. We look forward to interviewing Mr. Lewis about the matter. We have been talking with his attorney, Mr. Preston Haliburton, Esq. of Atlanta.

Bush and Yayi


Free Boxing Mogul Don (Moose) Lewis and Boxers from Benin Bandits!

From a reliable source, boxing mogul and owner of the World Athletic Association (WAA) and the International Boxing Union (IBU) is being held, along with two American boxers (including one who is in the U. S. Army), against their will in Benin Airport which is located in a city in Nigeria, the country to the east of Benin.  Benin is buttressed to the west by the tiny African country named Togo.  Apparently, these bandits want Mr. Lewis and the two boxers to pay money before they will be released.  Although Benin is a small African country, a former colony of France, this kidnapping could touch off an international controversy, a controversy that the United States government does not need in light of the many other controversies which have broken out recently.

Don Lewis

American boxing mogul Don Lewis and two Boxers are apparently being held against their will in the tiny African country of Benin.  Lewis has been able to talk to his American attorney, Preston Haliburton, who reportedly has communicated with and met with influential American officials and operatives, including the American Embassy.   Apparently, these Benin Bandits think that they can shake down Mr. Lewis and the boxers for money. 

Georgia Martyr, Robert A. Alston, Was Buried 135 Years Ago Today, on March 13.

By John R. Alston Trotter, EdD, JD

On March 11, 1879, my great, great grandfather, Robert A. Alston, was murdered down in the Georgia Capitol.  He was DeKalb’s only State Representative at the time and had, by all accounts, a promising political career ahead of him, a career that some pundits at the time were speculating might lead him to be, along with Alexander Hamilton Stephens, one of the leading voices in the Georgia Democratic Party after the Civil War.  But, in the good ole Alston fashion, he stepped on toes, but this time, it was the toes of the most politically connected (the Georgia Triumvirate, Gov.-U. S. Senator Joseph Brown, Gen.-Gov.-U. S. Senator John Gordon, and Gov. Alfred Colquitt) and the wealthiest (the Grant family was Atlanta’s richest family).

Murder in the State Capitol

All of these wealthy and politically-connected Georgians were knee-deep in the heinous and pernicious convict lease system which essentially operated on the basis of judges handing out harsh sentences (usually to the former slaves but now   freedmen) for petty or trumped-up crimes, and then these aforementioned men would lease these “convicts” from the State for a few dollars a year.  These judges were appointed or financed to be elected by the machine Democrats which were controlled by the Georgia Triumvirate.  The railroad industry of Georgia, which was essentially the most lucrative industry at the time, was highly dependent on these convict lessees laying the track and doing all of the heavy labor.  These lessees were used to work the farms, to build walls around a plantation (as in John Gordon’s case), and to work the Joe Brown’s Dade County coal mines.  They were essentially free labor, minus any food and shelter which were marginal at best and deplorable at worst.

Alston exposed the enormous evil of this system, with the attrition rate in some of the camps reaching as high as 25%, men and women being chained together and bastard babies being born in the camps, the squalid condition of the camps themselves, etc.  The northern media picked up on the scandalous report that Representative Alston, as Chairman of the House Penitentiary Committee and someone who had personally visited all of the penitentiary camps, had presented to the Georgia House of Representatives.

To make a longer story more pithy, Alston was murdered (yes, the Georgia Supreme Court ruled it a murder) after being tracked down by a neighbor of his and Sen. John Gordon’s in DeKalb.  Gov. Colquitt apparently told Alston that he would intervene and keep Ed Cox from killing him, but very little was done.  In fact, the author of a book written on Alston’s life and published this past spring by the Mercer University Press, Pamela Hain, wrote that she believed that both Gordon (who was the Grand Wizard of the Klan in Georgia but also Georgia’s most popular post-Civil War politician) and Colquitt (the governor who was at Alston’s side when he was dying with the bullet lodged in his temple) were both at least complicit in the murder of Alston.  Indeed, the love of money is the root of all evil.

Henry Grady, the editor of The Atlanta Daily Constitution, wrote after Alston died that he had never so mourned another’s death as Alston’s.  Alston was responsible for bringing Grady to Atlanta from Rome, Georgia where they became partners in The Atlanta Daily Herald.  Alston was the publisher and Grady was the editor, and this newspaper was considered the “most sprightly” newspaper in the South, almost running The Constitution out of business.  But, after only about six or seven years in existence, it folded for lack of finances.  Its under-capitalization, however, didn’t keep this The Herald, from spending money lavishly and even sending a locomotive to Macon, Georgia each day to deliver the newspaper.  Grady also said that he had never met a more generous man than Alston.  Alston was known for knowing people not just all over Georgia but all over the Union, and his obituary was carried in newspapers, large and small, all over the country, including The New York Times, The Baltimore Sun, and The Philadelphia Inquirer.  In fact, even The New York Times carried an article on Alston’s wife’s death about five years later.

Alston hailed from the Halifax Alstons, also known as the Dueling Alstons, of North Carolina.  They were enormously wealthy, and as Grady noted, they were an “impervious” family which “brooked no contention.”  Alston always wished that, unlike his ancestors, he would not die with his boots on but would die a natural death, after taking care of his wife and four children.  In fact, at his death bed, one sensitive onlooker recalling how Alston had a longing to die without his boots on, leaned over to take off Alston’s boots before he breathed his last breath.

The trial of Ed Cox, the murderer of Alston, was spoken of in the media of the day as “the trial.”  The courtroom was packed and the throngs filled the street, talking incessantly about the Alston murder.  One of the prosecutors was Benjamin Harvey Hill, Jr. whose father served in the U. S. Senate for years, and the lead defense attorney was Congressman Milton Candler, brother to the Coca-Cola magnate (Asa Candler), to a Georgia Supreme Court Justice (John Candler), and to a Methodist Bishop (Warren Candler).  Both side had the most illustrious attorneys working for their respective team.  Cox was found guilty of murder.

For a few years after Alston’s death, the black people of DeKalb County had memorial services commemorating his life and death at his grave site each year.  This was stopped when the Bourbon Democrats got back in full control after Reconstruction and the Black Codes and later Jim Crow laws were passed and the Negro vote in Georgia was disenfranchised.  The memory of Alston was not something that the Bourbon Democrats wanted.

Alston’s funeral on this day, March 13, 135 years ago, was the largest funeral at the time in Decatur, Georgia.  Trains came in from Atlanta and all over the State, bring mourners into Decatur.  The Georgia Speaker of the House, Gus Bacon who was related to Alston and who also went on to become a U. S. Senator from Georgia, spoke at Alston’s Masonic funeral.  He was buried in the Old Decatur Cemetery.  The ante-bellum home that he started building for his wife, Mary Charlotte Magill Alston who hailed from Georgetown and Charleston, South Carolina, in 1856 is considered the second oldest house in Atlanta.  The name of the old plantation is Meadownook, and it is in the National Historic Registry.  It is located on Alston Drive in East Lake across from the East Lake Country which was part of the Alston plantation and is Atlanta’s first country club and now part of the PGA Tour.

Alston’s life was cut short.  He died at 46 years of age.  He was a renown lawyer, publisher, and farmer.  He even had a fish farm.  He was making his mark in politics, and there is speculation that he might himself been planning a statewide run for office.  He had been part of the Charleston Light Dragoons and was at the firing on of Fort Sumter in April of 1861.  He resigned this commission to join up as a Private with the illustrious Morgan’s Raiders and quickly became, because of his skills, General John Morgan’s Acting Adjutant General/Chief of State and later led a battalion.  He was in about 100 battles and never was wounded.  He was well-known throughout the war, by the leadership on both sides.  He was personally acquainted with Jefferson Davis.  In fact, after he wore out General Burnside of the Federal Army about his illegal arrest and imprisonment in a Federal War Prison, he was released.  General Burnside explained to Secretary of State Staten that he released or exchanged Alston because he could think of an innumerable ways to die rather than from the pen of Robert Alston.  When the war ended, Alston was just 32 years old, but he retired a colonel.  In Mary Chestnut Boykins’s famous Civil War diary (the one that was edited by C. Vann Woodward won the Pulitzer Prize), she talked quite a bit in this diary about “the famous Bob Alston.”

Alston was noted by many authors, including Boykins, that he was “gallant” and flamboyant.  But, by the time that he was murdered, he was settling down and coming into his own.  It appeared that he was leaning toward the Independent Democrats (as opposed to the Bourbon Democrats).  He was in the home of Congressman William Felton and his intelligent and outspoken wife, Rebecca Latimer Felton who went on to be sworn in later in life into the U. S. Senate where she became the nation’s first U. S. Senator, if only for a day or two.  Mrs. Felton, who was a great writer, wrote very fondly of Col. Robert A. Alston and feared for his life.  In fact, Alston was in the Felton home in Washington, D. C. the week before he was killed in Atlanta.  The Feltons were leading spokespersons for an Independent Democrat movement.  It appears that he was contemplating a more independent movement of his own, though he was Gordon’s lawyer and was on friendly terms with Colquitt too, though there had been chilly feelings between him and Joseph Brown for years, due in part to the estrangement of Brown and Alston’s uncle, State Senator Augustus Holmes Kenan.  (By the way, there were only 18 State Senators back then.)

Alston was an effective lobbyist in the halls of Congress and personally knew President Hayes.  He had been around men of influence his entire life.  In fact, his grandfather `was a personal friend of Andrew Jackson, and the President Jackson earlier in his life had stayed in the Alston home in Hancock County, Georgia where Robert W. Alston was the wealthiest man in this country which was considered one of the most cultured counties of the day, located right next to the Georgia Capitol in Milledgeville.

In Milledgeville where Alston had lived and gone to the famous Midway Academy while growing up, his uncle, Augustus Holmes Kenan, had entered the Great Compromiser, Henry Clay.  Kenan was a Whig and was opposed to secession and threw away the pen with which he finally signed the Secession Ordinance.  Alston’s cousin, the son of Kenan, later became the Mayor of Milledgeville but was gunned down while in office.  Augustus Holmes Kenan was one of the most noted criminal lawyers in Georgia.  He was elected to the Congressional Congress which met in Montgomery, Alabama.  He later defeated Howell Cobb, former Secretary of the Treasury of the United States, for a seat in the Confederate Congress which was to meet in Richmond, Virginia, handing Cobb his only political defeat.

Alston’s grandfather on his mother’s side was Rev. John Howard, who became the Presiding Elder in the Methodist Church in Macon, Georgia.  Howard is credited with whipping up the enthusiasm for the Georgia Female Seminary which became Wesleyan College in Macon, the first college in the country to confer degrees to women.  In 1835, the Methodist Conference in Georgia appointed John Howard to raise money for Manual Labor School in Covington, Georgia and was appointed to the Board of Trustees.  The next year the school was named after Bishop Emory and is now Emory University.  The first obelisk erected by the citizens of Macon, Georgia in the historic Rosehill Cemetery was erected to Rev. John Howard.

Another grandson of Rev. John Howard was William Schley Howard, who was elected several times to the U. S. Congress from Decatur.  Congressman Howard was one of Georgia’s best criminal attorneys and was also the grandfather to Pierre Howard who was elected twice as Georgia Lieutenant Governor.  Congressman Howard was cousin to both U. S. Senator Gus Bacon and to Col. Robert A. Alston.  Unbeknownst to most Georgians is the fact that one of Georgia’s wealthiest blacks and one of the leading black citizens in Georgia was David Tobias Howard, the half brother to Congressman Howard and the first cousin to Col. Robert Alston.  David T. Howard was leader in the movement to build the first black high school in Atlanta, Booker T. Washington High School, the alma mater of Dr. Martin Luther King.  King attended David T. Howard Elementary School.  Atlanta’s second black high school was named David Tobias Howard High School.  Many luminaries attended this high school, including Maynard Jackson, Atlanta’s first black mayor and one of the namesakes of the Atlanta airport, Vernon Jordan, Bill Clinton’s close advisor and lawyer, Eldrin Bell, Atlanta’s first African American Police Chief and later Commission Chairman of Clayton County, and NBA All Star, Walt (The Clyde) Frazier.  By the way, Congressman Howard and Governor Slaton spoke at the funeral of David T. Howard who was a close associate of W. E. B. DuBois.

Possibly at Robert A. Alston’s funeral was both the young William Schley Howard whose father was Alston’s uncle, Thomas Coke Howard, a man whom Alston was very close to.  Howard had been publisher of the pre-Civil War newspaper, The Intelligencer. He ran many statewide campaigns and held many jobs with the State of Georgia.  He was a neighbor of Govenors Alfred Colquitt and Governor and U. S. Senator John Gordon in the Kirkwood area of Dekalb.  Also possibly attending his cousin’s funeral was the very successful black man, David T. Howard who was 30 at the time.

The former Director of the DeKalb Historical Society told me that he interviewed the very well-known black preacher in the Atlanta area who worked for Alston (along with his family) when he was a youth.  According to what was told to me, Rev. W. Frank Paschal said that as a youth he attended Robert Alston’s funeral on March 13, 1879 and that he also attended the funeral of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., in 1968.  This gentleman lived to be about 112 years of age and credited Alston’s influence over him in going into the ministry.  He attended Central City College in Macon, a seminary for black men.  It was also reported to me by this Director of the DeKalb Historical Society that he baptized Rev. Martin Luther King, Sr., in Stockbridge, Georgia and that Daddy King attributed the influence of Rev. Paschal for him going into the ministry.  Paschal’s picture is on the wall, along with the other former pastors of the church, in the building of the West Hunter Street Baptist Church in Atlanta where Dr. King’s close associate, Rev. Ralph David Abernathy, Jr., was a pastor for many years.

One of Alston’s grand nephews became a Presbyterian minister, Dr. Wallace A. Alston.  Dr. Alston also was President of Agnes Scott College in Decatur for 22 years.  He is buried right next to Col. Alston in the Old Decatur Cemetery.

Two of Alston’s nephews, Robert Cotton Alston and Philip Henry Alston Sr., began a law firm in 1893 which, after some mergers, has become Alston & Bird, one of the largest law firms in the country, with offices all over the world, including London and Hong Kong.  Robert C. Alston also was President of the Georgia Bar Association.  He married Caro duBignon whose family were French Huguenots who fled France because of persecution but did well in this country, eventually owning Jekyll Island.  Robert C. Alston led the efforts for the Atlanta Diocesse of the Episcopal Church to be formed.  He was the chancellor of St. Philip’s Cathedral, the largest Episcopal congregation in America.  The Alston’s house was designed by the famous architect, John Neil Reed, and is on historic tours of Atlanta.  The Corporate Law Chair at the University of Georgia’s Law School is the Robert C. Alston Chair.

One of Philip H. Alston, Sr.’s sons, Philip H. Alston, Jr., was quite an attorney also.  But, he made quite a mark in politics as well.  A little known peanut farmer came to his office one day asking for help in raising money to run for governor.  Alston took him under his wings, raised him lots of money and chaired his campaigns, both for Governor and President.  President Jimmy Carter appointed Philip H. Alston, Jr., to be the United States Ambassador to Australia.  There is a Philip H. Alston, Jr., Chair in the College of Education at the University of Georgia, the alma mater of Philip Alston, Jr.  The first occupant of this chair was former Governor and former U. S. Senator Zell Miller.

Nephew Robert C. Alston and Eugene Black, son-in-law of Henry Grady amd member of the Federal Reserve Board, led the efforts to have the Georgia Senate honor Rep. Robert A. Alston over 40 years after he was gunned down in the Georgia Capitol.  The Georgia Senate passed a resolution honoring “the martyr,” as Georgia’s first State Historian, Lucius Lamar Knight, called Alston in about a 25 page essay written in his honor.  The Georgia Senate asked that a portrait of Alston be given to the State, which was done.  The portrait hung for years in the Stare’s library in the rotunda of the Capitol and was moved with the library in its move to Washington Street.  Reportedly Governor Sonny Perdue asked for a portrait in the Governor’s Mansion’s parlor of a Georgian who stood up for right against wrong.  The Alston portrait was moved to the Governor’s Mansion’s parlor to fill this request.

When the National Cathedral was completed in Washington, D. C. in the early 1930s, a flag was donated by each State in honor of a citizen who made significant contributions to that State and was hung in the Cathedral.  Georgia’s flag was dedicated in honor of Robert A. Alston.

This article was typed hastily, trying to beat the clock while it is still March 13.  So, please forgive any typos – and hey, please leave me a comment to point them out.

One bit of trivia:  Robert Augustus Alston was probably the only person who was at the very beginning of the American Civil War at the firing on of Fort Sumter in the Charleston Harbor and at the last regular meeting of the Confederate government in Washington, Georgia, as the government was on the run.  Alston was Morgan’s adjutant and later Battalion commander and it was Morgan’s Raiders who were assigned to escort the escaping Confederate government through Georgia.  Jefferson Davis, the President of the Confederate States of America, was captured in Ocilla, Georgia.

Griswell Country Becomes Hill Country! The People of Clayton County Have Spoken. They Like Victor Hill. Not Guilty on all Counts. Victor Hill Becomes Undisputedly the Most Powerful Politician in Clayco! The Muhammad Ali in the Political Ring!

Griswell Country Becomes Hill Country!  The People of Clayton County Have Spoken.  They Like Victor Hill.  Not Guilty on all Counts.  Victor Hill Becomes Undisputedly the Most Powerful Politician in Clayco!  The Muhammad Ali in the Political Ring!

By John R. Alston Trotter, EdD, JD

     Well, when the Clayton County jury on August 15, 2013, brought back a unanimous verdict for Sheriff Victor Hill, this marked the official end of the J. Charley Griswell Era of Clayton domination and ushered in the Age of Victor Hill.  Actually, the two Clayco Epochs have overlapped each other for a few years.  This demarcation is not necessarily symbolic of two popular men in Clayton County who opposed each other.  No, it simply marks two major periods wherein the personalities and political charisma of each have and will dominate Clayton County for years to come.  Unbeknown to many people is the fact that Charley Griswell probably had more influence in Victor Hill’s comeback than anyone besides the candidate himself.  Griswell, being the master politician in Clayton County for four decades, certainly recognized the talent and skills of another smooth vote-getter like Victor Hill.  Over the last few years, Hill and Griswell grew fond of each other and consulted more than the public knew.  Charley Griswell was hoping perhaps more than any person in Clayco besides Hill himself that Hill would recapture the Sheriff’s badge.

Victor and Defense Team

Victor Hill emotionally celebrates his victory in the courtroom.  Attorney Steve Frey’s back is to the camera.  Photo by the AJC.

When a young Charley Griswell decided to run for a seat on the Clayton County Commission in 1972, many of the “wise” political people (viz, the incumbent political folk) told Griswell that he could not win.  But, Charley Griswell, like Victor Hill, was a man of the People.  He won.  Four years later, Griz decided that he would run for the fulltime position of Clayton County Commission Chairman.  Again, the same powerful people told him that though he had secured a seat on the commission, he would never be able to win the Chairman’s race.  Charley didn’t listen.  Griswell had built up quite a lot of goodwill with the People of Clayton County through the years, having led the Forest Park High football team to the State Championship in 1956.  The star half-back was awarded a football scholarship to the University of Georgia.   Griz knew how to deal with people.  He hadn’t been born with a silver spoon in his mouth.  He was raised off Jonesboro Road in South Fulton, before finally moving to Forest Park.  He lived with his aunt and uncle.  He worked hard, washing many cars for the people of Clayton County before securing a job at the Ford Motor Company in Hapeville.  In another article, perhaps I will describe the very humorous story about how he lost that job and then went into an industry that he knew nothing about but became an expert in, the housing industry.

Victor and well wishers

Sheriff Hill greeting his many supporters in the courtroom.  School board member Jessie Goree is to Sheriff Hill’s left. Photo by the AJC.

Griswell did indeed win the Chairman’s race in 1976, 1980, and 1984.  The Republicans were always trying to bring him down and making false accusations against him.  He was taken once or twice before a Federal Grand Jury but was never indicted.  He tells the story about admitting to the Grand Jury that he tried to help his friends when he was on the Commission.  He apparently told the Grand Jury that he thought that was what friends did, viz., help each other.  One elderly lady apparently spoke up and defended Mr. Griswell for trying to help his friends.  I am sure that the help that Griswell afforded to his friends is the same kind of help that is provided all over the county, including Washingon, D. C., by politicians for friends whom they know.  Griswell decided to take a ten year hiatus from politics when his term ended in January of 1989.

In 1998, Charley Griswell decided to jump back into the political fray in Clayton County.  He took on the two-term incumbent commissioner, Terry Starr, son of the long-time state senator, Terrell Starr.  Griswell whipped Starr fairly convincingly, campaigning in the county in short pants and toting a spit cup.  He would go knock on a voter’s door and leave the house with vine-ripe tomatoes from the back yard.  True story.  Griswell just had a way with voters.  He was not afraid to touch them and hug them and exchange stories and laugh with them.  He served two more terms on the Commission and finally gave up elected office after having never been defeated in Clayton County.

Now this brings us back to Victor Hill.  He, like Griswell, is not perfect and has feet made of clay, but he has that midas touch, and the voters like him.  Who else could have withstood an onslaught from the media after having just been served and battered by an obviously politically-inspired indictment of 37 counts?  The District Attorney apparently didn’t consider filing this indictment against Victor Hill until he announced in 2010 that he intended to run again for Sheriff of Clayton County.  According to testimony brought out in Court, 11 fulltime (and other part time) personnel were assigned to investigate private citizen Hill, even going through his garbage.  Over $400,000.00 taxpayers’ dollars was spent on this political investigation.  Nearly an entire year was spent on investigating this former sheriff.  The jury didn’t believe the narrative that was developed by the Clayton County’s D. A.’s office.  Judge Albert Collier had already dismissed ten of the counts before the trial even began.  The foreman of the jury stated on television that the jury believed that the indictment was politically motivated, that the State hadn’t proven its case, and that the members of the jury never really understood the State’s case.  It was as if the Clayton County D. A.’s office just wanted to throw everything at Hill, hoping that something would stick and that he therefore would be denied POST Certification and would therefore be barred from holding office.

JT and Steve Frye

Dr. John Trotter (L) congratulates Hill attorney Steve Frey (R) after the verdict shut-out.

The jury did not buy this snake oil indictment handed down by the Grand Jury which was presented by the D. A.’s office.  We heard months ago that it was almost a 55%-50% vote on the Grand Jury about whether to go forward with an indictment, and keep in mind that you can almost indict a ham sandwich in the grand jury process.  The defendant is not there to refute charges.  He and his attorneys are not allowed to put on their defense nor allowed to cross examine witnesses.   This should have sent a strong message to the D. A.’s office about the weakness of its case.  In a criminal case, the State has to prove its case beyond a reasonable doubt.

The State made a big deal about Victor Hill going on a few short vacations after he was defeated by Kem Kimbrough in the 2008 Democratic Primary.  But, Victor Hill was still the Sheriff of Clayton County and still a Constitutional Office of Georgia.  It was brought out in testimony that Sheriff Hill worked “24/7.”  He could be seen walking the halls of the county jail at two or three in the morning and on the weekends.  He did not have a “9 to 5” job.  He had no boss but the People.  He himself could decide when to take a vacation, just like another Constitutional Office, President Barack Obama, recently decided to take his family on a two to three week vacation to The Hamptons.  Neither Sheriff Hill nor President Obama had to ask permission from anyone to take the vacation.  President Obama is always on duty, and he and his family took Air Force One.  The same is true for Sheriff Victor Hill.  He took a county vehicle so that he could return to Clayton County on a moment’s notice.  Can you imagine that this was one of the main parts of the State’s case?  Good grief.

Tracey Lawson-Graham

Some are speculating that Clayton District Attorney Tracy Graham Lawson will not run for a third term.  Photo by Clayton News/Daily.


Tracy Graham Lawson’s decision to go after Victor Hill was a bad decision, for her career and the political careers of those close to her.  She has now made Sheriff Victor Hill larger than life.  Unless Victor Hill just does some remarkably stupid things (which we don’t think that he will do), he will be the Sheriff of Clayton County as long as he wants to be.   He may later decide to run for U. S. Congress or for some other office.  But, whatever he decides, he can certainly broker much influence in any future political race in Clayton County for the foreseeable future.  Everyone likes a good comeback story or a story about fighting the system and prevailing.  That’s why we liken him to Muhammad Ali who is still enormously popular with the public in general and adored by African Americans.  Welcome to Hill Country.  The Age of Victor Hill has arrived.

Note:  Victor Hill wisely selected Steve Frey to be his lead counsel. He was assisted by Drew Findley of Atlanta in the argumentation before the jury.  These two fine attorneys were able to pick apart the State’s case which, like many cases brought forth from the State, looks imposing from an initial viewing but when held up to a withering cross examination tends to crumble.  © The Georgia Citizen, 2013.

The MACE Manifesto Being Publishing One Chapter Per Day!

Dr. John Trotter and Norreese Haynes’s recent book, The MACE Manifesto, is being published by Big Daddy Publishers one chapter per day during the month of July!

Big Daddy Publishers released the following statement:

Big Daddy Publishers will be publishing a new chapter each day of July of The MACE Manifesto.  The principal author is Founder and Chairman of the Metro Association of Classroom Educators (MACE), Dr. John R. Alston Trotter, and MACE‘s Executive Vice Chairman Norreese L. Haynes contributes heavily to this shocking educational tome.  Trotter and Haynes issue what appears to be a very cogitated call for revolution, not clarification or obfuscation, in American Public Education (APE).

JT and NH in Yellow Room

Authors Norreese Haynes (L) and Dr. John Trotter (R)

These leaders of MACE appear to have  prescient insights into what is wrong with public education today.  Trotter and Haynes certainly do not pull any punches when they lower the boom on what they call “an educational state analogous to Germany‘s Weimar Republic in the 1920s or, better yet, the Pretorian Government of South Africa during the days of apartheid.” They contend that the waste and ineffectiveness and inhumanity of the public educational system in the United States is “both mind-boggling and unconscionable.”  Dr. Trotter states:  “It appears that no one wants to acknowledge what is fundamentally and systematically wrong with the system.  Everyone appears to be worried about being politically correct and polite.  Mr. Haynes and I are concerned about neither.  We simply tell the truth and let the chips fall where they may.”


Trust the People (Constitution), Not the Government, for Your Rights! My Thoughts on Collecting Metadata.

By John R. Alston Trotter, EdD, JD

I don’t like the federal government collecting metadata on any of us, without probable cause.  Heck, otherwise why have a Fourth Amendment which guarantees us with security within our persons and properties against unreasonable searches and seizures without warrants?


Government’s goal is to limit your rights guaranteed by the U. S. Constitution.  The government doesn’t really like the Bill of Rights.  But, American Citizens historically have not trusted government.  In fact, without the express commitment by the First Congress to add the First Ten Amendments (Bill of Rights) to the freshly minted U. S. Constitution, the States probably would not have ratified this new Constitution (needed two-thirds of them to ratify).

I don’t like it when the Republicans try to limit our freedoms.  I don’t like it when the Democrats try to limit our freedoms.  Mining for metadata against its own Citizens is reprehensible, unconscionable, and, I think, unconstitutional.  I understand the need for security.  But, look at those for whom you have probable cause or at least some articulable suspicion.  Don’t try to be so damned politically correct.  I understand that mosques are off-limits for federal agents to peep into.  What?  Isn’t this where most of the terrorists congregate?  Oh, I’m sorry.  It’s more politically correct to look at the telephone calls of grandparents living in Des Moines, Iowa or the emails of businessmen in Tulsa, Oklahoma.  Good grief.  At least be consistent.  Quit chipping away at the freedoms of law-abiding Citizens and go after those who actually are intent on causing great damage to our Republic.

 Gouverneur Morris

The irascible Gouverneur Morris penned the majestic words of the U. S. Constitution.

In the name of political correctness, this administration is just throwing a freedom-suffocating net around all Americans, hoping not to look politically incorrect…or just because it is about control and power.  Don’t trust the government.  The government is not United States.  The People are the United States.  When the many, many bundles of papers were gathered up in Philadelphia and assigned to a committee (after months of arguing and debating) to put the thoughts together coherently in two or three days, it took the genius of the irascible Gouverneur Morris to do so.  It was not James Wilson or James Madison (two brilliant minds at the Constitutional Convention) who wrote the document, though their geniuses are also reflected in the document itself.  No, it was the very irascible, lady-charming, forever loquacious, and often criticized and dismissed Gouverneur Morris who wrote this sublime document, including the majestic words, “We the People of the United States of America…”  I am glad that he did.

Steve Frey, Aggressive Attorney, Now Represents MACE Teachers!

The Metro Association of Classroom Educators (MACE) is pleased to announce that MACE and attorney Steve Frey have entered into an agreement that Mr. Frey will serve as General Counsel for MACE. Dr. John Trotter, the Chairman and CEO of MACE, stated: “All of us associated with MACE are very excited about having a lawyer of Mr. Frey’s caliber working with and advocating for the MACE teachers. In my personal capacity as well as in my capacity as the Chairman of MACE, Steve has been my attorney in the past. I can state unequivocally that I think that Steve Frey is the top attorney in all of Atlanta’s Southern Crescent – from Douglas County in the west all the way to Rockdale County in the east. In fact, in my opinion, he’s in the top five criminal defense attorneys in Georgia and perhaps the whole Southeastern United States. Hey, when Sheriff Victor Hill was hit with 37 indictments, who did he go to? Steve Frey. We are so excited about Steve Frey representing the MACE teachers!”

Steven M. Frey

Steven M. Frey, Esq.

Steven M. (Steve) Frey (pronounced “fry”) is a highly regarded Georgia criminal attorney. Frey combines his aggressive style with his charm and dogged determination to often work magic in the courtroom for his clients. Mr. Frey heads up The Frey Law Firm which is located at 21 Lee Street in downtown Jonesboro, Georgia. This firm was started by Mr. Frey’s father, William “Pete” Frey, who passed away in 2000. Pete Frey served for years as the elected Solicitor of Clayton County before going into a very successful criminal law practice. Pete Frey was brilliant, cagey, aggressive, and very adept in the courtroom. The lore of Mr. Frey’s father’s courtroom exploits is legendary in the Atlanta Southside. Even while still a student at the University of Georgia, Steve began working at the law office and in the courtroom with his father, aggressive attorney extraordinaire.

The saying goes that the bark doesn’t fall far from the tree, and Steve Frey is definitely a chip off the master tree. He studied the practice of law under the tutelage of his father. This practice of law is a skill that is not learned overnight; in addition, a person must have the talent and inclinations toward the practice of advocating for others. Steve Frey knows how to fight aggressively for his clients and does so without antagonizing either the judges or the opposing counsel. Mr. Frey states that respect is important in the practice of law. Steve Frey was elected by his peers to be the President of the Clayton County Bar Association.

Mr. Frey has been practicing law for around twenty years, is licensed to practice in all of the courts of Georgia and is also licensed to practice law in the Federal District and Appeals Courts.

Mr. Frey and Mrs. Frey are the proud parents of two children. The family lives in Newnan, Georgia where Steve is a member of the Newnan High School Cougar Booster Club and served in the past as President of the Newnan Country Club.

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